conception of Shoushi fortress
Taking into consideration the basic fact i.e. restoration of
fortress has some financial and social problems; Shoushi Foundation
suggests the following conceptions for revival of the ancient
Armenian, Kharabagh and abroad society.
Keeping in view: It s impossible to secure the city s vitality economically
democratically without an effective role. It s impossible to carry out the project without the pan-Armenians
serious approach to the idea of the city revival.
As in Artsakh war of liberation Shoushi was the symbol of
greatest victory, because of this qualification it can attract
Armenian s attention.
Without the role of pan-Armenian cultural and tourist centre,
the city can t obtain developed social life and the population
The citys renaissance can be realized only by putting into
practice the Shoushi fortress and the environmental research
Shoushi Foundation suggests the project and idea of its revival
pan-Armenian cultural and tourist centre which will ensure its
activities including human and financial resources for longtime
This idea assumes as a basis for carrying about the fortress
zones periodic projects using maximum historical architectural
inheritance. According to Foundation experts intention this
realization should revive the city s vitality for supporting
population with working places and sources for housing construction.
5 zones will compose the kernel of the old Shoushi around which
and prosper the city.
No 1st zone involves the tourist hotel complex. It stretches
Jraberd wall involving the old citadel, historical garden, Khan
daughter house, eastern bath-house and other buildings. The
will have all necessary conditions for relax and entertainment
serve tourists visited to NKR. This zone will bring a great
financial sources to republican and public budget and will turn
attractive business for investors. This zone, besides hotels,
also public constructions.
No 2nd zone is the Cultural centre. It includes the Tarkhanyan
caravanserai, market, and a number of houses as well as the
Tarumyan house, where approximately 1.5 year has lived the supreme
patriarch of all Armenians and Nerses Ashtarakeci who has been
here. It is envisaged to install a complex for concerts and
the middle of the caravanserai and market, which will attracts
intellectual s attention, will also promote social-cultural
Shoushi will become cultural centre.
The 3rd zone involves academy which includes the old cultural
and stadium. After having reconstructed Mariamay gymnasium,
house and hospital, it s planned to found contemporary university
with hostels and sport constructions where can be held pan-Armenian
competitions. The complex later can turn into the Artsakh State
University, where can study either the Armenian and Diaspora
No 4th zone involves the Hunot gorge and Jdrduz which is basically
continuation of the first zone. Here making more suitable conditions
relax and enjoyment as well as staying overnights, the gorge
nature s miracles will be more attractive for the tourists.
No 5th zone is the spiritual centre which stretches from Ghazanchetsoc
temple up to the old resting place, the Aghvan church s historical
and other religious and cult buildings. Locating as spiritual
Shoushi will become a unique place of all Armenians contributing
The Restoration of the fortress historical area i.e. the Agulecoc
will complete the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 5th zones which will join
these four zones. The rest historical streets will be restored
future which will have the shape of house buildings.
In the sphere of scientific research Shoushi Foundation s
always been observed and examined by the experts and professors
involved in this project, so they have discovered and set up
the city s
revival conceptions. Without the Shoushi historical inheritance
preliminary deeply researches it s strongly inadmissible worker
interference in further reconstruction.
According above mentioned, the Foundation sets up the following
a) The extension of the Shoushi historical-cultural inheritance
b) The preparation of appropriate documents for the maintenance
city s historical-architectural inheritance for governor s decision.
c) The preparation of project suggestions for the city s reconstruction.
d) The formation of sponsorship.
For putting into practice the activities mentioned above the
stresses following nine primary plans:
1. The list formation of the fortress and surrounding monuments
as well as
photographing, drawing a map.
2. The realization of houses and buildings architectural measurements.
3. The projection of architectural monuments in preserving zones.
4. The realization of five zones suggested in the frame of projects
international open competition, due to which the city will reborn.
5. The foundation of Shoushi Archive as well as collection of
6. The investigation and publication of discovered tombs, Cyclopean
castle, citadel, fortress-cave s ancient excavation around Shoushi.
7. The investigation and declaration of lithographic inheritance
8. The investigation of caves located in fortress and around
9. The foundation of museum complex.
a) National museum of photography (Old photos collection from
Armenian and NKR).
b) An electronic museum of photo chronicles of the 20th century
(the centre of war researches and prevention).
10. Preaching of Shoushi appropriate character.
The realization of conceptions has been started in 2004, summer
having listed the fortress of Shoushi and about 525 monuments
Bakur Karapetyan is the director of the Shoushi cultural inheritance